Urban Camp proposes to install home systems to end unsheltered homelessness in Portland. Urban Camp Homes are installed in human scale clusters of 10 units with sites ranging up to 200 units. Sites are selected to be nearby existing homeless population, but buffered with natural boundaries from existing residential areas.
Urban Camp living units are the minimum sized unit to meet code with 70 SF of habitable space and includes sleeping area, kitchen, toilet, shower, and sink. Laundry facilities are provided in a common area per cluster of 10 units. Modules are highly damage resistant and built for an open to the street urban environment.
The Proposal includes 13 Sites totaling 1650 homes to be located in each Neighborhood with Unsheltered Homeless per the HUD Point-in-Time Reporting. The target population is predominantly single, 30-65 years old, and over-represented minority.
Site are designed for flexible application at approximately 20% Rapid Re-Housing and 80% Permanent Supportive Housing. A scope of social services is provided for tenants by the operating organization. Operating funds are expected to be provided to the operating organization by HUD and other funding sources
The home units are built as modular units in a central location by the builder organization. Units comply with all building codes. Sites are typically in an unimproved condition and require installation of utility lines, light foundations, and landscaping / paving.
Funding for Site Acquisition, Site Improvements, and Modular Homes is to be provided by a funding organization. Excluding land costs, the modules and site improvements are estimated to be $100,000 per unit x 1650 units or $165 million total over 5 years.
The proposal anticipates onboarding 300 units per year for 5 consecutive years. Units will be installed at sites in clusters of 10, to allow site activation as quickly as possible after site approval.
Why Urban Camp Works
The unsheltered homeless, often in tent encampments, have been resistant to traditional solutions of shelters, transitional housing, and standard supportive housing. The Urban Camp environment:
- Maintains the autonomy of the individual with expectation for self care, care of the living space, and care for neighbors.
- Avoids extreme relocation. Sites are located nearby existing homeless populations, but buffered with natural boundaries from residential areas.
- Is located with pedestrian access to grocery and personal care shopping, and with access to medical care.
- Is a secure living space for protection of the individual and personal items.
- Allows for the inclusion of a companion or pet.
- Provides an address for the delivery of social services, medical services, and safety net benefits.
Urban Camp works for the Community by addressing what many people envision as the face of homelessness: people living on the street in tent camps.
- Urban Camp Sites are located within communities where significant homeless populations exist. Distributed and limited size sites allow for a community solution. However it is important that the Urban Camp sites are nearby but with natural boundaries (rail lines, highways, viaducts, rivers) from existing residential areas.
- Multi-Community solutions minimize the pushback with a shared responsibility.
- The availability of community homeless solutions allows for the removal of homeless tent encampments from unauthorized locations.
Here are the statistics from the Portland Point-in-Time Count, with the number of Urban Camp Units proposed for the neighborhood.